Mostly Cloudy / 19°C in Taipei, TAIWAN    

Capital
Taipei
Taipei City (臺北市) is the capital of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Situated at the northern tip of the island of Taiwan, Taipei is located on the Tamsui River; it is about 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Keelung, a port city on the Pacific Ocean. It lies in the two relatively narrow valleys of the Keelung (基隆河) and Xindian (新店溪) rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city's western border.[1] The city proper (Taipei City) is home to an estimated 2,618,772 people.[2] Taipei, New Taipei, and Keelung together form the Taipei metropolitan area with a population of 6,900,273.[3] However, they are administered under different local governing bodies. "Taipei" sometimes refers to the whole metropolitan area, while "Taipei City" refers to the city proper. Taipei City proper is surrounded on all sides by New Taipei.

Taipei is the political, economic, and cultural centre of Taiwan. The National Palace Museum which has one of the largest collections of Chinese artifacts and artworks in the world is located in Taipei. Considered to be a global city,[4] Taipei is part of a major industrial area. Railways, high speed rail, highways, airports, and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. The city is served by two airports – Taipei Songshan and Taiwan Taoyuan.

Taipei was founded in the early 18th century and became an important center for overseas trade in the 19th century. The Qing Dynasty in China made Taipei the provincial capital of Taiwan in 1886.[5] When the Japanese acquired Taiwan in 1895 after the First Sino-Japanese War, they retained Taipei as the capital of the island, and also advanced extensive urban planning in Taipei.[6] The Republic of China took over the island in 1945 following Japanese surrender. After losing Mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War, the ruling Kuomintang (KMT) resettled the ROC government to Taiwan and declared Taipei the provisional capital of the Republic of China in December 1949.[7][8]

Currency / Exchange Rate
The unit of currency in Taiwan is the New Taiwan Dollar (NT$, TWD). The major denominations of our currency in production are NT$1, $5, $10, $50(in coins), and $100, $500, $1,000(in banknotes). The following link provides more information about the currency in Taiwan.
http://eng.taiwan.net.tw/lan/Cht/multichoice/multichoice_detail.asp?id=13
Universal Currency Converter
http://www.xe.com/ucc/

Emergency Numbers

Police 110
Fire / Ambulance 119
Overseas Operator 100
Chinese Local Directory Assistance 104
Chinese Long Distance Directory Assistance 105
English-language Directory Assistance 106
Telephone Repair 112
Time 117
Weather 166
Traffic 168
Tourist Information Hotline +886-2-2717-3737
24-Hour Toll-Free Travel Information Call Center 0800-011-765
International Community Service Hotline 0800-024-111
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Tourist Service Center, Passenger Terminal Building I +886-3-383-2194
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Tourist Service Center, Passenger Terminal Building II +886-3-398-3341
Tourist Service Center, Kaohsiung International Airport, Tourism Bureau +886-7-805-7888
Government Information Office +886-2-3356-8888
Board of Foreign Trade +886-2-2351-0271
Taiwan Visitors Association +886-2-2594-3261
Ministry of Foreign Affairs +886-2-2348-2999
Police Radio Station +886-2-2388-8099

Language
The official language of the program will be English
The official language of Taiwan is Chinese

Time
Taiwan is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT +8) and does not have daylight savings time.

Climate
High temperature and humidity, massive rainfall and tropical cyclones in summer characterize the climate of Taiwan. The average temperature of Taipei in September and October for the past five years is about 26.42°C / 79.52°F and the average humidity of Taipei in September and October for the past five years is about 75.2%.

Actual weather in Taiwan
http://www.cwb.gov.tw/eng/index.htm
Actual weather in Taipei
http://news.bbc.co.uk/weather/forecast/158?&search=taipei&pageSize=10&
region=world

Electricity Supply
Electricity in the Taiwan is supplied at 110V - 60Hz AC.

Business Hour
Government / Administration Office :0830AM-1730PM
Transportation:06AM-00AM
Convenience Store(7-11, Family Mart):24hr
General Store:11AM-22PM
Markets:10AM-23PM
Department Stores:11AM-22PM
Hospitals:24hr
Pharmacy:9AM-20PM
Restaurants:11AM-21PM
Night Markets:6PM-1AM

Taxis
You can find many taxi running on the road. Starting with 70 NTD, and if you take a taxi from 22pm to 6am, there will be additional fee added.

Tipping
In many restaurants, 10% service charge will be included to your bill. There’s no service charge in some resturants.

Food
In Taiwan, where most locals are huge fans of tasty and special cuisines, it is said that there is a snack shop every three steps and a restaurant every five. These establishments serve all kinds of Chinese food, from the roasted ducks, smoked chickens, lamb hotpot, fish in wine sauce, beef with green peppers, and scallop and turnip balls of the north to the camphor-tea duck, salty fried chicken with spices, honey ham, stir-fried shrimp, dry-fried eggplant, and spicy bean curd of the south. As the country's economy has developed rapidly in the recent years, its culinary culture has expanded beyond the traditional Chinese foods to Chinese-style fast-food chains, bringing greater variety than ever before to the art of Chinese dining. Foreign foods from all over the world have also made their appearance in Taiwan, and the country is now filled with eateries serving American hamburgers, Italian pizzas, Japanese sashimi, German pig's knuckles, Swiss fondues, and just about everything else. All of this makes Taiwan a veritable paradise for gourmands. Taiwan's own native cuisines have also become known around the world, and if you try it just once you will remember it forever.
Top ten cuisine you can find in Taiwan are:Oyster omelet, Soup Dumpling, Oyster thin noodles, Stinky tofu, Braised pork rice, Taiwanese meatballs, Meat rice tamales, Danzai noodles, Beef noodles, Pearl Milk Tea.

Attractions / Scenic Spot

Links
Tourism Bureau, Ministry of Transportation and Communication, R.O.C.



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